E-ISSN 2146-8133
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness

Emine Cinici.

Abstract
Objective: To research whether central corneal thickness (CCT) of children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is different from healthy children at same age group and whether metabolic control has an effect on corneal thickness.
Materials and methods: The children with T1D who applied to our outpatient department with the aim of controlling for possible diabetes complications and who had no diabetic retinopathy were prospectively evaluated. The healthy children from the same age group who applied to our outpatient setting for eye control and who had no systemic or eye disease were included in the control group. The CCT of all children was measured with ultrasonic pachymeter with topical anesthesia.
Findings: While the corneal thickness for healthy children was 554.25±42.85 (500 – 678 µ), the average corneal thickness for diabetic children was 567.38±33.28 (487 – 628 µ). A significant difference was detected for average corneal thickness (Z=-2.040 p=0.041). No relation was detected between the central cornea thickness and the duration of diabetes (t=1.418 p=0.168), average HbA1C level (t=1.261p=0.218), hyperglycemia (t=0.228 p=0.821) and hypoglycemia attack number (t=-0.332 p=0.743).
Result: CCT is increased in the patients compared to the control group even before diabetes mellitus (DM) has developed a retinopathy. A relation of this increase with period of diabetes, HbA1C level and hypoglycemia attack number could not be detected.

Key words: Central corneal thickness, type 1 diabetes mellitus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Emine Cinici. Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2015; 4(3): 148-152. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049


Web Style

Emine Cinici. Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness. http://www.ejmaces.com/?mno=1161 [Access: November 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Emine Cinici. Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2015; 4(3): 148-152. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Emine Cinici. Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness. Arch Clin Exp Surg. (2015), [cited November 13, 2018]; 4(3): 148-152. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049



Harvard Style

Emine Cinici (2015) Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness. Arch Clin Exp Surg, 4 (3), 148-152. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049



Turabian Style

Emine Cinici. 2015. Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 4 (3), 148-152. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049



Chicago Style

Emine Cinici. "Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 4 (2015), 148-152. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Emine Cinici. "Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 4.3 (2015), 148-152. Print. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Emine Cinici (2015) Central corneal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and the effect of metabolic control on corneal thickness. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 4 (3), 148-152. doi:10.5455/aces.20150407010049





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