E-ISSN 2146-8133
 

Case Report 


Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old

Ali Cadili, Vanessa Falk, Lucas Diebel, Chris de Gara.

Abstract
Pheochromocytoma most commonly presents with a combination of headache, sweating, and hypertension. This case report reviews the case of a young male patient presenting with hypertensive crisis following administration of general anesthetics and who was subsequently diagnosed with malignant pheochromocytoma. Up to date, no reliable predictive factors for malignant pheochromocytoma have been established. This case emphasizes the need for a systematic approach to the hypertensive crisis and advantages of nuclear imaging to differentiate benign from malignant disease through detection of local invasion and distant metastases.

Key words: Pheochromocytoma, metastasis, paraganglioma


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Cadili A, Falk V, Diebel L, Gara Cd. Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2016; 5(1): 48-51. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533


Web Style

Cadili A, Falk V, Diebel L, Gara Cd. Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old. http://www.ejmaces.com/?mno=156533 [Access: October 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cadili A, Falk V, Diebel L, Gara Cd. Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2016; 5(1): 48-51. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cadili A, Falk V, Diebel L, Gara Cd. Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old. Arch Clin Exp Surg. (2016), [cited October 16, 2018]; 5(1): 48-51. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533



Harvard Style

Cadili, A., Falk, V., Diebel, L. & Gara, C. d. (2016) Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old. Arch Clin Exp Surg, 5 (1), 48-51. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533



Turabian Style

Cadili, Ali, Vanessa Falk, Lucas Diebel, and Chris de Gara. 2016. Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 5 (1), 48-51. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533



Chicago Style

Cadili, Ali, Vanessa Falk, Lucas Diebel, and Chris de Gara. "Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 5 (2016), 48-51. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cadili, Ali, Vanessa Falk, Lucas Diebel, and Chris de Gara. "Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 5.1 (2016), 48-51. Print. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cadili, A., Falk, V., Diebel, L. & Gara, C. d. (2016) Metastatic pheochromocytoma in an 18-year-old. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 5 (1), 48-51. doi:10.5455/aces.20140907061533





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