ISSN 2146-8133
 

Review Article Open Access


Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features

Kazim Duman, Yavuz Ozdemir, Ozgur Dandin.

Abstract
‘Pilonidal sinus’ disease, which is most commonly seen in reproductive populations, such as young adults - mostly in males who are in their twenties - is actually a controversial disease in that there is no consensus on its many facets. It is sometimes seen as an infected abscess draining from an opening or a lesion extending to the perineum. It may also present as a draining fistula opening to skin. In terms of etiological factors, various theories (main theories being congenital and acquired) have been established since it was first described, no universal understanding achieved. A long and significant post-operative care period with different lengths of recovery depending on the type of operation are quite prevalent with regards to recurrence and complication status. In order to prevent recurrence and improve the quality of life, etiological and predisposing factors as well as clinical features of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease should be well known, a detailed differential diagnosis should be made, and a suitable and timely intervention should be performed. It was aimed here to explain the etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features of the disease that may present with various clinical symptoms.

Key words: Pilonidal sinus disease, clinic, etiology, pathogenesis


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Kazim Duman
Articles by Yavuz Ozdemir
Articles by Ozgur Dandin
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1005
Downloaded: 245
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Duman K, Ozdemir Y, Dandin O. Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2016; 5(4): 228-232. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717


Web Style

Duman K, Ozdemir Y, Dandin O. Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features. http://www.ejmaces.com/?mno=193977 [Access: February 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Duman K, Ozdemir Y, Dandin O. Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2016; 5(4): 228-232. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Duman K, Ozdemir Y, Dandin O. Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features. Arch Clin Exp Surg. (2016), [cited February 19, 2018]; 5(4): 228-232. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717



Harvard Style

Duman, K., Ozdemir, Y. & Dandin, O. (2016) Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features. Arch Clin Exp Surg, 5 (4), 228-232. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717



Turabian Style

Duman, Kazim, Yavuz Ozdemir, and Ozgur Dandin. 2016. Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 5 (4), 228-232. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717



Chicago Style

Duman, Kazim, Yavuz Ozdemir, and Ozgur Dandin. "Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 5 (2016), 228-232. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Duman, Kazim, Yavuz Ozdemir, and Ozgur Dandin. "Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 5.4 (2016), 228-232. Print. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Duman, K., Ozdemir, Y. & Dandin, O. (2016) Pilonidal sinus disease - Etiological factors, pathogenesis and clinical features. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 5 (4), 228-232. doi:10.5455/aces.20151019114717





Most Viewed Articles
  • Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery
    Swaid Abdullah, Latief M. Dar, Adil Rashid, Anita Tewari
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 172-180
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120402072447

  • Role of Probiotics in Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease
    Amit Bhardwaj, Shalu V Bhardwaj
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(1): 45-49
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120212100645

  • Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis presenting as an abdominal wall mass
    Marc Paul Jose Lopez, John Paul Senon Gonzalez, Manuel Francisco Tanada Roxas
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2017; 6(1): 53-55
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/aces.20150809085449

  • Role of Ultrasonography (“Honeycomb Sign”) in Early Detection of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
    Sudhir Sachar, Sunder Goyal, Saurabh Sachar
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2013; 2(1): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120828025157

  • Use of Polyethylene Fiber (Ribbond) in Pediatric Dentistry
    Eda Arat Maden, Ceyhan Altun
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(2): 110-115
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120416115640

  • Barium Enema in the Diagnosis of Hirschsprung’s Disease: A Comparison with Rectal Biopsy
    Mohammad Abbas, Arshad Rashid, Asim Rafiq Laharwal, Ajaz Ahmad Wani, Shabir Ahmad Dar, Manzoor Ahamad Chalkoo, Showkat Majeed Kakroo
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2013; 2(4): 224-228
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120703031135

  • Long-Term Productive Cough Caused by Tracheal Bronchus
    Chih-Hao Chen, Shih-Yi Lee, Ho Chang, Tzu-Ti Hung
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(2): 120-121
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120311102403

  • A Review of the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertrophic Scars: Part I Clinical Aspects
    Huseyin Karagoz, Celalettin Sever, Yalcin Bayram, Cihan Sahin, Yalcin Kulahci, Ersin Ulkur
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(4): 237-248
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120218124923

  • Day–Care Surgery for Pilonidal Sinus Using Sinotomy Technique and Fibrin Glue Injection
    Selim Sozen, Vedat Ozturk, Koray Das, Hasan Erdem, Suleyman Cetinkunar, Ilhan Bali
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 138-141
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120625121721

  • Scorpion sting in a pregnant woman: A case report
    Selim Bozkurt, Mehmet Okumus, Besime Utku, Deniz Cemgil Arikan, Ugur Lok, Fatma Betul Duygu
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2015; 4(2): 118-120
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20121229025033

  • Most Downloaded
  • Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis presenting as an abdominal wall mass
    Marc Paul Jose Lopez, John Paul Senon Gonzalez, Manuel Francisco Tanada Roxas
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2017; 6(1): 53-55
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/aces.20150809085449

  • Role of Probiotics in Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease
    Amit Bhardwaj, Shalu V Bhardwaj
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(1): 45-49
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120212100645

  • Patient Selection in Plastic Surgery: Recognizing Body Dysmorphic Disorder
    Cihan Sahin, Onat Yilmaz, Yalcin Bayram, Huseyin Karagoz, Celalettin Sever, Yalcin Kulahci, Alpay Ates
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2013; 2(2): 109-115
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120722123102

  • Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery
    Swaid Abdullah, Latief M. Dar, Adil Rashid, Anita Tewari
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 172-180
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120402072447

  • Use of Polyethylene Fiber (Ribbond) in Pediatric Dentistry
    Eda Arat Maden, Ceyhan Altun
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(2): 110-115
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120416115640

  • A Study of Methods Used to Reduce Surgical Site Infections
    Stuart R. Walker, Tara Anderson
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(1): 27-33
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120213053645

  • Slow-Release Drug Deliver System with Polylactic Acid Hydrogels in Prevention of Tracheal Wall Fibroplasia
    Jinrang Li, Lili Peng, Jianjun Sun, Hongguang Guo, Kun Guo, Zuogang Li, Yao Tang, Xu Sun, Shuangqing Zhang
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(1): 1-7
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120220105531

  • Post-Traumatic Pancreatic Pseudocyst: Report of Two Cases with Review of Literature
    Sunder Goyal, Sudhir Sachar, Ram Kumar Verma, Snigdha Goyal
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2013; 2(4): 251-258
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120524103614

  • A Review of the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertrophic Scars: Part I Clinical Aspects
    Huseyin Karagoz, Celalettin Sever, Yalcin Bayram, Cihan Sahin, Yalcin Kulahci, Ersin Ulkur
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(4): 237-248
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120218124923

  • Role of Ultrasonography (“Honeycomb Sign”) in Early Detection of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
    Sudhir Sachar, Sunder Goyal, Saurabh Sachar
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2013; 2(1): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120828025157

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery
    Swaid Abdullah, Latief M. Dar, Adil Rashid, Anita Tewari
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 172-180
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120402072447
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Experimental Craniofacial Composite Tissue Allotransplantation (CCTA) Models in Rats
    Yalcin Kulahci, Yalcin Bayram, Huseyin Karagoz, Celalettin Sever, Cihan Sahin
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 181-187
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120514010906
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Thoracodorsal Artery Perforator Flap: Basic Surgical Determinants
    Celalettin Sever, Yalcin Bayram, Cihan Sahin
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(4): 270-271
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120506072849
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pre-expanded Supraclavicular Flap for Post-burn Neck Contractures
    Celalettin Sever, Cihan Sahin
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(1): 61-62
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120205090034
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • What is the Most Appropriate Animal Model for Experimental Diabetic Neuropathy Studies ?
    Huseyin Karagoz, Mustafa Tansel Kendirli
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 199-200
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120514012617
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Anesthetic Burns – A Burn Injury Due to A Combination of Local Anaesthetic and Heat Pack
    Stuart Robert Walker
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(2): 127-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120206110836
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Day–Care Surgery for Pilonidal Sinus Using Sinotomy Technique and Fibrin Glue Injection
    Selim Sozen, Vedat Ozturk, Koray Das, Hasan Erdem, Suleyman Cetinkunar, Ilhan Bali
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 138-141
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120625121721
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A Review of the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertrophic Scars: Part II. Experimental Studies
    Huseyin Karagoz, Yalcin Bayram, Celalettin Sever, Cihan Sahin, Yalcin Kulahci, Ersin Ulkur
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2013; 2(1): 49-58
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120218125115
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Students’ View of Evidence-Based Medicine: A Survey in Switzerland
    Reto Kaderli, Larissa Burghardt, Carina Hansali, Adrian Businger
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(1): 34-40
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120217124737
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Surgical Safety Checklists in Operative Medicine in Switzerland
    Reto Kaderli, Ramona Cecini Hertig, Urban Laffer, Adrian P. Businger
    Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 158-167
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/aces.20120410120119
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]