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Case Report 


Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case

Mehmet Bani, Alev Alacam, Cagdas Cinar, Yavuz Tolga Korkmaz.

Abstract
Horses have been identified as the major cause of animal-related farm injuries. Interaction with horses may cause severe dental and orofacial trauma, mostly caused by falls, collision with branches when riding in forests or by horse kicks. Children are uniquely prone to animal-related injuries because of inexperience, incomplete physical and cognitive development and a lack of proper training. Horse-related injuries account for a large percentage of injuries of head/maxillofacial trauma in pediatric farm populations. Although soft tissue contusions, lacerations and abrasions are the most common horse-related injures, head/maxillofacial trauma remains the predominant cause of death, especially in pediatric farm populations. The objective of this case report is to describe a case of severe maxillofacial injuries due to a horse hoof kick.

Key words: Maxillofacial trauma, horse hoof kick, mouth guards, helmets


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bani M, Alacam A, Cinar C, Korkmaz YT. Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2015; 4(1): 64-68. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017


Web Style

Bani M, Alacam A, Cinar C, Korkmaz YT. Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case. http://www.ejmaces.com/?mno=27001 [Access: May 26, 2018]. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bani M, Alacam A, Cinar C, Korkmaz YT. Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2015; 4(1): 64-68. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bani M, Alacam A, Cinar C, Korkmaz YT. Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case. Arch Clin Exp Surg. (2015), [cited May 26, 2018]; 4(1): 64-68. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017



Harvard Style

Bani, M., Alacam, A., Cinar, C. & Korkmaz, Y. T. (2015) Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case. Arch Clin Exp Surg, 4 (1), 64-68. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017



Turabian Style

Bani, Mehmet, Alev Alacam, Cagdas Cinar, and Yavuz Tolga Korkmaz. 2015. Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 4 (1), 64-68. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017



Chicago Style

Bani, Mehmet, Alev Alacam, Cagdas Cinar, and Yavuz Tolga Korkmaz. "Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 4 (2015), 64-68. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bani, Mehmet, Alev Alacam, Cagdas Cinar, and Yavuz Tolga Korkmaz. "Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 4.1 (2015), 64-68. Print. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bani, M., Alacam, A., Cinar, C. & Korkmaz, Y. T. (2015) Maxillofacial trauma due to a horse hoof kick: Report of a case. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 4 (1), 64-68. doi:10.5455/aces.20121118033017





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