E-ISSN 2146-8133
 

Review Article 


Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery

Swaid Abdullah, Latief M. Dar, Adil Rashid, Anita Tewari.

Cited by (8)

Abstract
Hirudotherapy (HT) is the application of medicinal leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) for therapeutic use. It is one of the oldest remedies, being employed by various medicinal practitioners. HT involves the attachment of cultured leeches onto the affected areas. Leech therapy involves an initial bite, which is usually a painless bite, followed by the sucking of 5 and 15 ml of blood. Its major therapeutic benefits are not only due to blood sucked during the biting, but also from the various bioactive substances, such as Hirudin, calin, Hyaluronidase, and Histamine-like substances, to name a few.
HT has been employed in various disease conditions and surgical complications. It has been successfully used in plastic and reconstructive surgeries, cardiovascular complications, varicose veins, hemorrhoids and various joint ailments. Nowadays, it is also being utilized in gastrointestinal disorders, dermatology and gynecological abnormalities.
More recently, HT has found new applications in cancer therapy, hypersensitivity conditions, like asthma, male/female sterility and diabetes. Taking into consideration all the facts, HT efforts should be made in optimizing the success of medicinal leech therapy in clinical and private practice.

Key words: Hirudotherapy, leech, annelid, saliva, bioactive, reconstructive surgery


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abdullah S, Dar LM, Rashid A, Tewari A. Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 172-180. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447


Web Style

Abdullah S, Dar LM, Rashid A, Tewari A. Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery. http://www.ejmaces.com/?mno=14990 [Access: May 27, 2018]. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdullah S, Dar LM, Rashid A, Tewari A. Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery. Arch Clin Exp Surg. 2012; 1(3): 172-180. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdullah S, Dar LM, Rashid A, Tewari A. Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery. Arch Clin Exp Surg. (2012), [cited May 27, 2018]; 1(3): 172-180. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447



Harvard Style

Abdullah, S., Dar, L. M., Rashid, A. & Tewari, A. (2012) Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery. Arch Clin Exp Surg, 1 (3), 172-180. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447



Turabian Style

Abdullah, Swaid, Latief M. Dar, Adil Rashid, and Anita Tewari. 2012. Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 1 (3), 172-180. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447



Chicago Style

Abdullah, Swaid, Latief M. Dar, Adil Rashid, and Anita Tewari. "Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 1 (2012), 172-180. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdullah, Swaid, Latief M. Dar, Adil Rashid, and Anita Tewari. "Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery." Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES) 1.3 (2012), 172-180. Print. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdullah, S., Dar, L. M., Rashid, A. & Tewari, A. (2012) Hirudotherapy /Leech therapy: Applications and Indications in Surgery. Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES), 1 (3), 172-180. doi:10.5455/aces.20120402072447





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